7:46 AM 06 Jan 1999
please print ---------------------- Forwarded by Elena Kagan/OPD/EOP on 01/06/99 07:47 AM --------------------------- Paul J. weinstein Jr. 01/05/99 07:45:18 PM Record Type: Record To: See the distribution list at the bottom of this message cc: Bruce N. Reed/OPD/EOP, Elena Kagan/OPD/EOP, Christopher C. Jennings/OPD/EOP, Michael Waldman/WHO/EOP Subject: SOTU BOOK Once again, we will prepare a "New Ideas" book that will explain in greater detail the proposals presented by the President in his State of the Union. Each idea in the SOTU will be explained in the book. One paragraph (1/3 to 1/2 a page max) per idea. Cost, if relevant should be included. This book is distributed to the press, Members of Congress, public interest groups, and othergovernmental offices. The style of the paragraphs should be the same as our one-pagers. We need to have drafts of your one-pagers by COB Thursday, January 14th. They will be reviewed by Elena, Bruce, and Chris over the weekend and go to press on Monday. SOTU is the 19th. If you are not certain if an idea will or will not be included, write it up if you think there is at least a 50% chance of it making it in the speech. Attached is a draft of last year's document. Message Sent TO:~____~__~~--~--~----~--------------------------------~ Sarah A. Bianchi/OPD/EOP Michael Cohen/OPD/EOP Laura Emmett/WHO/EOP Cathy R. Mays @ EOP @ LNGTWY Leanne A. Shimabukuro @ EOP @ LNGTWY Julie A. Fernandes/OPD/EOP Thomas L. Freedman/OPD/EOP Jose Cerda III/OPD/EOP Andrea Kane/OPD/EOP Jennifer L. Klein/OPD/EOP Jeanne Lambrew/OPD/EOP Tanya E. Martin/OPD/EOP Nicole R. Rabner/WHO/EOP Bruce N. Reed/OPD/EOP Cynthia A. Rice/OPD/EOP Christa Robinson @ EOP @ LNGTWY Jonathan H. Schnur/OPD/EOP Mary L. Smith/OPD/EOP Todd A. Summers/OPD/EOP Neera Tanden/WHO/EOP J. Eric Gould/OPD/EOP Devorah R. 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ackground on President Clinton's Agenda for the Nation State of the Union Address January 27, 1998 ECONOMY THAT OFFERS OPPORTUNITY Child Care Providers Increase Scholarships for Training Education for Child Care Providers Invest in Research Smaller Classes with Qualified Teachers to Improve Reading in Grades 1-3 Increase Head Start and Double the Number of Children Served by Early Head Start Modern School Buildings to Improve Student Learning Crime Education Opportunity Zones: Helping Students in Poor Communities Reach High Standards Juvenile Justice Crime Bill Expanding Access to Safe After-School Care -- Preventing Under 21 s from buying guns Mentoring: Early Intervention to Promote College -- New Prosecutors and Probation Officers Attendance -- Tough, New Sentences on Drug Dealers -- Funding to Keep Schools Open Later and Leading the Global Economy Promote Anti-Truancy Initiatives and Curfews Community Economic Adjustment Initiative Foreign Policy Fast Track Trading Authority Africa Trade Initiative NATO Enlargement Child Labor Securing the Peace in Bosnia Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Training Strengthening the Biological Weapons Convention GI Bill for Workers U.S. Arrears to the United Nations A SOCIETY ROOTED IN RESPONSIBILITY A NATION THAT LIVES BY COMMUNITY Moving People from Welfare to Work Political ReformlReinventing Government Welfare-to-Work Housing Vouchers Free Television Time Increasing Child Support Collections Enact Bipartisan Campaign Finance Reform Falling Welfare Case loads IRS Reform Business Welfare-to-Work Commitments Community Empowerment Health Care Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Consumer Bill of Rights and Genetic Screening Second Round of Empowerment Zones Protections "Play-By-the-Rules" Homeownership Proposal Providing New Options for Americans Ages 55 to Homeownership Zones 65 to Access Health Insurance 21st Century Research Fund Environmental Protection Tobacco Climate Change initiative Clean Water Initiative Passing Comprehensive Bipartisan Tobacco Food Safety Legislation Civil Rights Child Care Reforming and Strengthening the EEOC Double the Number of Children Receiving Child Care Subsidies to More than Two Million THE MILLENIUM PROJ~CT Increase Tax Credits for 3 Million Families Provide New Business Tax Credits Technology Promote Early Learning Provide After-School Care A Family-Friendly Internet for up to Half a Million Children Making the Internet a Global Free-Trade Zone Step Up Enforcement of State Health Cloning and Safety Standards Facilitate Background Checks on Culture Automated Records Management System Hex-Dump ConversIon Automated Records Management System Hex-Dump Conversion ENTITLEMENT REFORM Reserve Surplus until Social Security is Reformed Over the next two years, President Clinton is finnly committed to strengthening Social Security for the 21 st century. He therefore proposes that we should not spend any ofthe projected budget surpluses on anything else until we have refonned Social Security. This proposal, which continues the fiscally responsible policies that have been the hallmark of this Administration, is intended to reserve the surpluses in case they are needed for Social Security refonn. EDUCATION Small Classes with Qualified Teachers to Improve Reading in Grades 1-3 President Clinton is proposing a $12.4 billion initiative over 7 years ($7.3 billion over 5 years) to help local schools provide small classes with qualified teachers in the early grades. This initiative will help ensure that every child receives personal attention, learns to read independently, and gets a solid foundation for further learning. The new initiative will reduce class size from a nationwide average of 22 in grades 1-3 to an average of 18, providing funds to help local school districts hire an additional 100,000 well-prepared teachers. The initiative will also provide funds to states and local school districts to test new teachers, develop more rigorous teacher testing and certification requirements, and train teachers in effective reading instruction practices. School districts will be accountable for demonstrating gains in reading achievement. These steps will help ensure that first through third grade students are receiving high-quality reading instruction in smaller classes from competent teachers. Modern School Buildings to Improve Student Learning For students to learn, schools must be well-equipped and be able to accommodate smaller class sizes. To address these and other critical needs, President Clinton is proposing federal tax credits to pay interest on nearly $22 billion in bonds to build and renovate public schools. This initiative provides more than double the assistance of the Administration's earlier school construction proposal, which covered halfthe interest on an estimated $20 billion in bonds. The tax credits will cost the Treasury $5 billion over 5 years, and more than $10 billion over ten years. Of the $22 billion in bond authority, nearly $20 billion for a new School Modernization Bonds. Half of this bond authority will be allocated to the 100 school districts with the largest number of low-income children, and the other half will be allocated to the states. Education Opportunity Zones: Automated Records Management System Hex-Dump Conversion Helping Students in Poor Communities Reach High Standards This initiative will strengthen public schools and help students master the basic and advanced skills where the need is greatest: in high-poverty urban and rural communities where low expectations, too many poorly prepared teachers, and overwhelmed school systems create significant barriers to high achievement. The Education Department will select approximately fifty high-poverty urban and rural school districts with: (1) a demonstrated commitment to use high standards and tests as tools to identify and provide help to students, teachers and schools who need it; (2) a strategy to prevent students from falling behind by ensuring quality teaching, challenging curricula, and extended learning time; (3) programs to end social promotion and tum around failing schools; and (4) evidence of improved student achievement. Added investments in these communities will accelerate their progress and provide models of successful, standards-based reform for the nation. The President's initiative will invest $200 million in FY99, and $1.5 billion over 5 years, in raising achievement and sharing lessons learned with school districts around the country. Early Intervention to Promote College Attendance President Clinton wi II soon announce a long-term effort to bring college opportunity to children in high- poverty areas by providing their families with early information about financial aid and appropriate academic preparation, as well as mentoring and other support services to help the children stay on track through high school graduation and into college. LEADING THE GLOBAL ECONOMY Fast Track America needs fast track to continue to create higher-paying jobs for more Americans. Without it, America's role as the largest exporter in the world will be put in jeopardy. And with new markets opening around the world, it is more important than ever to give the President traditional trade authority to break down trade barriers that put American products made by American workers at a disadvantage. Fast track legislation is essentially an agreement between Congress and the president on how Congress will consider United States trade agreements negotiated by the President. As part of that deal, the President agrees to extensively consult and coordinate with Congress throughout trade negotiations. In return, Congress votes on legislation implementing trade deals within a fixed period oftime, on a up or down basis, and with no amendments. Every president since 1974 has enjoyed fast track authority. Africa Trade Initiative Automated Records Management System Hex-Dump Conversion bring the promise of21st century prosperity to African nations that are prepared to undertake the hard work of reform. This legislation will introduce a new era of prosperity and partnership between African reformers and the United States, expanding trade opportunities for African and American workers, farmers and companies, and hope and opportunity for our children. This legislation will encourage African nations to undertake sound growth policies by expanding trade and encouraging investment. Child Labor This initiative will make the U.S. a world leader in the fight to reduce child labor. The initiative focuses on reducing the most intolerable forms on child labor --"slavery" through forced or indentured labor, work by very young children, and work in dangerous conditions -- by increasing the nation's contribution to the International Program for the Elimination of Child Labor (IPEC) from $3 million to $30 million. The proposal also calls for additional agents for the U.S. Customs Service to enforce the ban on the importation of goods made with forced or indentured child labor, with a particular focus on rugs from South Asia. On the domestic front, the proposal includes a $50 million increase in migrant education to serve 100,000 more children of migrant farm workers and a $9 million increase in the Department of Labor budget to enforce U.S. child labor laws -- especially in the agricultural sector. Community and Economic Adjustment Initiative To help communities compete in a global economy, the Community and Economic Adjustment Initiative will borrow a page from the Administration's successful adjustment effort for base closure communities. Modeled after the Defense Department's highly respected Office of Economic Adjustment, the Office of Community and Economic Adjustment (OCEA) will provide grants and other assistance to communities to develop an economic adjustment strategy. The President will propose $50 million in additional community adjustment assistance as part of the Commerce Department's Economic Development Administration's (EDA) budget. This will allow us to do more for communities that have suffered through sudden and severe economic dislocation, such as plant closings. As OEA has done for base closure communities, OCEA will closely with the Departments of Labor, Housing and Urban Development, Transportation, and other federal agencies to make communities aware of all available federal resources and to provide a coordinated Administration response. TRAINING Reform of the Federal Job Training System The President renewed his call for Congressional action to reform the job training system. In his 1995 . G.I. Bill for America's Workers, he called for individual empowerment through skills grants, streamlining through One Stop Career Centers, and better results through tough performance standards. The House has passed legislation based on his vision. The Workforce Investment Partnership Act has bipartis~ support and is under consideration in the Senate. Automated Records Management System Hex-Dump Conversion MOVING PEOPLE FROM WELFARE TO WORK Welfare to Work Housing Vouchers The President's budget will provide $283 million in FY99 for 50,000 new housing vouchers for welfare recipients who need housing assistance to get or keep ajob. Families could use these housing vouchers to move closer to a new job, to reduce a long commute, or to secure more stable housing to eliminate emergencies that keep them from getting to work every day on time. These vouchers, awarded to communities on a competitive basis, will give people on welfare a new tool to make the transition to ajob and succeed in the work place. The proposal will complement the President's $100 million a year welfare to work transportation plan, part of his NEXTEA bill, which will help welfare recipients make their daily commutes. Increasing Child Support Collections President Clinton's crackdown on deadbeat parents is paying off: child support collections rose to a record $13 billion in 1997, an increase of 63 percent since 1992. In the State ofthe Union, the President set a goal of increasing collections to $20 billion by the year 2000. Falling Welfare Caseloads The President announced that we have met -- two years ahead of schedule -- the challenge he made in last year's State of the Union to move two million more Americans off of welfare by the year 2000. New caseload numbers show that welfare caseloads fell by 4.3 million since President Clinton took office, two million more than the 2.25 million decline he announced last year. The new figures, from September 1997, show 9.8 million Americans on welfare, down from 14.1 million in January 1993- - a drop of 30 percent. Business Welfare to Work Commitments In his State of the Union address last year, the President challenged the business community to create jobs so that people can move from welfare to work. Today, nearly 3,000 companies have accepted the President's challenge and joined a new national effort, called the Welfare to Work Partnership, which was launched at the White House in May. Now, the President has challenged thousands more companies to join the Partnership to give even more people a chance to work their way off welfare. HEALTH CARE Automated Records Management System Hex-Dump COJ;\version Protecting Patients Through a Consumer Bill of Rights and Genetic Screening Protections The President called on Congress to pass federally enforceable consumer health care protections before it adjourns this fall. This Health Care Bill of Rights should contain a range of protections, including guaranteed access to needed health care specialists to ensure that patients are provided appropriate high quality care, access to emergency room services when and where the need arises, an assurance that medical records are confidential, and access to a meaningful internal and external appeals process for consumers to resolve their differences with their health plans and health care providers. The nation's health care system has changed dramatically, with more than 100 million Americans now in managed care plans. This legislation will ensure that whether Americans have traditional health insurance or managed care, they are assured quality care. And to ensure that new advances in genetics are used to improve health rather than to discriminate, the President has called for legislation prohibiting the use of genetic screening to discriminate in health insurance and employment. Creating a Historic "21st Century Research Fund" With Unprecedented Increases in Biomedical Research at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Scientists are on the cusp of important new breakthroughs in biomedical research, which could revolutionize the way medical experts understand, treat, and prevent some of our most devastating diseases. To promote this progress, the President's budget contains a historic up front investment in biomedical research -- a 1.15 billion increase in FY 1999 -- and proposes an increase in NIH funding of more than 50 percent over the next five years. Under the President's proposal, the NIH will devote over $20 billion to biomedical research in 2003. Providing New Options for Americans Ages 55 to 65 to Obtain Health Insurance, Including Buying Into Medicare Americans ages 55 to 65 are one ofthe most difficult-to-insure popUlations: they have less access to and a greater risk of losing employer-based health insurance; and they are twice as likely to have health problems as the population generally. The President's proposal gives this vulnerable population three new ways to gain access to health insurance by: (1) allowing Americans ages 62 to 65 to buy into Medicare, through a premium that ensures that this policy is self-financed; (2) assisting vulnerable displaced workers 55 and over by offering those who have involuntarily lost their jobs and health care coverage a similar Medicare buy-in option; and (3) giving Americans 55 and over who have lost their retiree benefits access to their former employers' health insurance. Automated Records Management System Hex-Dump Conversion Passing Comprehensive Bipartisan Tobacco Legislation That Reduces Teen Smoking and Changes the Way Tobacco Companies Do Business Every day 3,000 young people start smoking and 1,000 of them will die prematurely from a tobacco- related disease. The President called on Congress to pass comprehensive national bipartisan legislation that includes five key principles: (1) it must mandate the development of a comprehensive plan to reduce teen smoking, including raising the cost of cigarettes by $1.50 per pack over the next 10 years as necessary to meet youth smoking targets; (2) it must affirm the FDA's full authority to regulate tobacco products; (3) it must include measures to hold tobacco companies accountable, especially for marketing products to children; (4) it must include concrete measures to improve public health, from investing in research to reducing second-hand smoke to expanding smoking cessation; and (5) it must protect the financial well-being of tobacco farmers and their communities from the loss of income caused by our efforts to reduce smoking. CHILD CARE INITIATIVE Double the Number of Children Receiving Child Care Subsidies to More than Two Million The President proposed to expand the Child Care and Development Block Grant to help working families struggling to meet the costs of child care. This block grant is the primary federal subsidy program to pay for child care, enabling low-income parents to work. Funds are distributed by formula to the states to operate direct child care subsidy programs, as well as to improve the quality and availability of care. The President's initiative will more than double the number of children served from the one million served in FY 95 (the latest year for which data are available). The President's budget will increase funding for the block grant by $7.5 billion (plus a state match) over five years, which will enable states to provide subsidies for more than two million children by 2003. Increase Tax Credits for Child Care for Three Million Working Families The Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit provides tax relief to taxpayers who pay for the care of a child under 13 or a disabled dependent or spouse in order to work. The credit is equal to a percentage of the taxpayer's employment-related expenditures for child or dependent care, with the amount ofthe credit depending on the taxpayer's income. The President's proposal increases the credit for families earning under $60,000, providing an additional average tax cut of $358 for these families and eliminating income tax liability for almost all families with incomes below 200% of poverty ($35,000 for a family of four) that claim the maximum allowable child care expenses. The President's budget will include $5.2 billion over five years to expand the Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit for three million working families. Automated Records Management System HexDump Conversion The child care initiative includes a tax credit to businesses that provide child care services for their employees, by building or expanding child care facilities, operating existing facilities, training child care workers, or providing child care resources and referral services. The credit covers 25% of qualified costs, but may not exceed $150,000 per year. The President's budget will include approximately $500 million over five years for these tax credits. Promote Early Learning Research shows that children's experiences in the earliest years are critical to their development and future success. The President's proposed Early Learning Fund provides challenge grants to communities (distributed by states) to improve early learning and the quality and safety of child care for children ages zero to five. Funds may be used for the following activities: providing basic training to child care providers (including first aid and CPR); connecting individual child care providers to centers for education and support; assisting child care providers to meet accreditation and licensing requirements; linking child care providers with health professionals, and supporting the inclusion of young children with special needs in quality child care settings; reducing group sizes and child-to-staff ratios; and providing home visits, parent education, and consumer education about child care. The President's Early Learning Fund builds on state initiativ"es such as North Carolina's Smart Start, which helps North Carolina's children enter school healthy and ready to succeed. The President's budget will include $3 billion over five years for this fund. Increase Head Start and Double the Number of Children Served by Early Head Start Head Start provides early, continuous and comprehensive child development and family support serVices, preparing children for a lifetime ofleaming and development. The President's budget will invest an additional $3.8 billion over five years to reach his goal of serving one million children by 2002, and doubling the number of infants and toddlers in Early Head Start to 80,000. Step Up Enforcement of State Health and Safety Standards Building on the military's model child care program, this proposed initiative will fund state efforts to improve licensing systems and enforce child care health and safety standards, including by increasing unannounced inspections of child care settings. The President's budget will include $500 million over five years for this program. Facilitate Background Checks on Child Care Providers On the day of the White House Conference on Child Care, the President transmitted to Congress the National Crime Prevention and Privacy Compact, which will facilitate effective background checks on child care providers by eliminating state law barriers to sharing criminal history information for non-criminal purposes. Although the vast majority of child care providers are dedicated to the teaching and nurturing of children, one tragedy in child care is too many. Automated Records Management System Hex-Dump Conversion for this responsibility. Increase Scholarships and Training for Child Care Providers At the White House Conference on Child Care, the President proposed establishing a Child Care Provider Scholarship Fund to enable states to provide scholarship funds to students working toward a child care credential. Eligible child care workers must commit to remaining in the field for at least one year for each year of assistance received and will earn increased compensation or bonuses when they complete their course work. The President proposed a federal investment of $250 million over five years, which will support 50,000 scholarships per year. The President is also proposing to expand the Department of Labor's Child Care Apprenticeship Program to fund the training of child care providers. Invest in Research Because too little is known about our child care system, the President's budget will increase support for data, research, and evaluation. This research fund will also support a National Center on Child Care Statistics and a child care hotIine that parents can call to get information about how to find child care in their communities and how to identify appropriate, quality care for their children. In addition, the research fund will support demonstration projects to test approaches to help new parents who choose to stay home to care for their newborns or newly adopted children. The President's budget will include $150 million over five years for this fund. Provides After-School Care for up to Half a Million Children a Year The President proposes a dramatic expansion ofthe 21 st Century Community Learning Center Program to provide start-up funds (with a local match) to school-community partnerships to establish or expand before- and after-school programs for school-age children. The program increases the supply of after- school care in a cost-effective manner by directing most funds to programs that use public schools and their existing resources, such as computers, gymnasiums, and sports equipment. The program also includes a set-aside to fund programs run by community organizations. The President's budget will request $800 million of new money for this program, for a total of$1 billion over five years. CRIME Juvenile Crime Strategy This initiative recognizes the threat juvenile crime poses to our communities and calls on Congress to pass a comprehensive anti-gang and youth violence strategy. The President's proposed legislation targets gangs and violent juveniles by (1) funding for new prosecutors ($100 million) and probation officers ($60 million); (2) helping our kids to stay gun- and drug-free by preventing violent juveniles from buying guns when they turn 21; (3) enacting tough new sentences to punish adults who sell drugs to kids and use kids to sell drugs; (4) helping kids to stay in school, off drugs, and out of trouble with new funding to Automated Records Management System Hex-Dump Conversion President's Child Care Initiative increases five-fold current funding for Department of Education-sponsored after school programs. AMERICAN LEADERSHIP IN THE WORLD NATO Enlargement Europe's stability and America's security are closely linked. The President's call for enlarging the NATO alliance strengthens the alliance's core mission of collective defense and helps meet new threats such as regional instability. Enlargement furthers other US objectives including: Encouraging states in the region to settle border and ethnic disputes with neighbors; strengthen civilian control of their militaries; and increase tolerance for ethnic and religious minorities. NATO's enlargement, combined with the Partnership for Peace program, the NATO-Russia Founding Act and the NATO-Ukraine partnership will help erase the outdated Cold War divisions and build, for the first time, an undivided, democratic, and peaceful Europe. Securing the Peace in Bosnia The United States has an abiding interest in peace and stability in Bosnia and a compelling interest in the implementation ofthe Dayton peace accords. After 46 months ofthe worst war in Europe since WWII, 24 months of implementing peace have helped put Bosnia on the path to lasting peace and stability. Progress on implementation was made possible because of prudent military support. We can now see the point where civil implementation and peace can be self-sustaining -- but Bosnia's fragile peace still needs the support of American and allied troops when the current NATO mission ends in June. The President still must approve a detailed action plan being prepared by NATO military authorities after a full review of all options. The President will insist that this action plan have the following elements: an achievable mission tied to clear benchmarks, not a deadline; force must be able to protect itself; the U.S. must retain command; European allies must shoulder their full share of responsibility; costs must be manageable; and the plan must have substantial support of the Congress and the American people. Iraq Weapons of Mass Destruction Program (WMD) President Clinton made clear that Iraq's efforts to develop nu~lear, chemical and biological weapons are unacceptable. U.N. inspectors have done a remarkable job -- destroying more of Iraq's WMD potential than was destroyed during the Gulf War itself. But Saddam is now refusing to allow inspectors to complete their mission. All options are on the table to make sure Iraq does not pursue their WMD program with impunity and threaten the international community. Biological Weapons President Clinton announced tonight that the United States would lead the effort to erect stronger international barriers against the proliferation and use of biological weapons. Under this new initiative, the United States will seek to strengthen the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) by requiring nations Automated Records Management System Hex-Dump Conversion for Biological weapon purposes and agree to a tough international inspection system including both voluntary and mandatory inspections. Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) The President's call for Senate ratification ofthe CTBT will allow America to maintain a safe and reliable nuclear deterrent while constraining the proliferation of nuclear material and technology to rogue states' weapons programs. CTBT will improve America's ability to detect and deter nuclear explosive testing. CTBT's global network of sensors will strengthen America's ability to monitor nuclear explosive testing across the globe, as well as deter any nation from believing it can conduct a nuclear explosive test undetected by the international community. u.s. Arrears to the United Nations The President also highlighted the need for prompt action on the payment of U.S. arrears to the United Nations. The failure to pay undermines our ability to reform the U.N. and hinders our leadership of that organization at very time the U.N. is working to prevent Iraq from threatening neighbors and the world with weapons of mass destruction. We also need to give the International Monetary Fund the capacity to help prevent global financial crises. Now, more than ever, our security at home and our interests abroad demand that America meet our international obligations, sharpen the tools to improve the stability ofthe world economy, and increase our leverage in international organizations. A NATION THAT LIVES BY COMMUNITY POLITICAL REFORM/REINVENTING GOVERNMENT Free Television Time Spending on congressional campaigns has increased more than three times the rate of inflation in the last decades and spending on television is the primary reason. In 1972, candidates spent $25 million for political ads; in 1996, they spent $400 million. In his State of the Union, President Clinton announced that will request that the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) require broadcasters to give candidates for Federal office free time as a condition of receiving a new, lucrative license for digital television. It is time to update broadcasters' public interest obligations to meet new political and technological realities. Enact Bipartisan Campaign Finance Reform The President remains committed to the enactment of bipartisan campaign finance reform. He is pleased that the leadership in Congress has agreed to schedule a vote this Spring on the McCain-Feingold and Shays-Meehan reform bills. But a vote on these bills is not enough. In his State of the Union the President challenged Congress to enact real reform this year. Acceptable campaign finance reform legislation must meet five criteria: 1) it must be bipartisan; 2) it must be comprehensive; 3) it must reduce the amount of money that is raised and spent on federal elections; 4) it must help level the playing field Automated Records Management System Hex-Dump Conversion IRS Reform President Clinton is strongly committed to reforming the IRS. This spring the Administration will launch the first of 33 Citizen Advocacy Panels. These new panels will be locally-based, independent boards of citizens established to monitor how local IRS offices treat taxpayers and help taxpayers get their problems solved. These new panels are part of the new era of customer service underway at the IRS. The successful new IRS problem solving days, which have helped thousands of taxpayers get relief, will continue around the country on a monthly basis. Additionally, as of the first of the year, IRS phones are now operating 16 hours a day, six days a week. For the first time, IRS offices will be open Saturday mornings during the tax filing season -- March through mid-April-- to provide taxpayers a convenient opportunity to walk-in and get any questions answered. Also, the IRS expects this year to expand its award-winning Telefile program. This innovative program allowed 4.7 million taxpayers to file their returns with a quick average 10 minute phone call last year. COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Since its creation in 1986, the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) has given states tax credits of $1.25 per capita to allocate to developers of affordable housing. Even though building costs have increased 40 percent in the last decade, the amount of the credit has not been adjusted for inflation. Therefore, President Clinton and Vice-President Gore propose to increase the cap on the LIHTC from $1.25 per capita to $1.75 per capita - restoring the value of the credit to its 1986 level. Estimates suggest that the LIHTC currently helps build 80,000-90,000 affordable housing units each year. The President and Vice President's proposal to increase the cap by 40 percent will create an additional 160,000-180,000 new rental housing units for low-income American families over the next five years. This proposal will cost $1.6 billion over five years. Empowerment Zones Building on the Administration's successful first round of Empowerment Zones which has helped spur the creation of jobs and private investment in America's distressed communities, the President's budget includes a request for $1.7 billion to support flexible grants to 20 new Empowerment Zone designations. The funding will be made available to the designated communities over a 10 year period. The 15 urban designations will be funded at $100 million each; and the five rural designations will be funded at $40 million each. The Departments of Housing and Urban Development and Agriculture will announce a competition this Spring that will lead to the designation of the 20 new Empowerment Zones by December 1998. Automated Records Management System HeX-Dump Conversion The President's FY99 budget provides funds for the Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation to start a new initiative to help provide the opportunity of homeownership to responsible families with a perfect rental history. Under this initiative, we will help 10,000 lower-income-- and often minority -- families become homeowners. While the method of helping each family buy their own home will differ, responsible families we will be provided homeownership counseling, flexible assistance for downpayment or closing costs, second mortgage loans for debt reduction, or rehabilitation loans. Homeownership Zones The FY99 budget includes funds for Homeownership Zones to be used by communities to reclaim abandoned and distressed neighborhoods through the creation of large-scale developments of owner-occupied single-family homes. Funds could be used for property acquisition, housing construction, housing rehabilitation, demolition, site preparation, homeownership counseling, relocation, housing marketing, activities to ensure fair housing, and other activities essential to homeownership. ENVIRONMENT Climate Change Initiative Following the historic agreement reached in Kyoto in December 1997, and as part ofthe President's and Vice President's ongoing efforts to address climate change, the President is proposing a dramatic new program of tax cuts and R&D aimed at cutting greenhouse gas emissions. The proposed package contains tax cuts to promote energy efficiency and additional research and development spending covering the four major carbon-emitting sectors of the economy (buildings, industry, transportation, and electricity), plus carbon removal and sequestration, Federal facilities, and cross-cutting analyses and research. This package complements the other elements of the Administration's climate change plan, which include working with industry to develop sector-by-sector initiatives to cut emissions, incorporating energy efficiency goals into Federal procurement and energy use, and restructuring the electricity industry. These efforts strive to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by improving efficiency and reducing costs to the consumer. They provide a solid step on the way to meeting the goals of the Kyoto Agreement. Clean Water Initiative Automated Records Management System Hex-Dump Conversion communities curb polluted runoff from farms and city streets, reducing exposure to harmful organisms and toxic contaminants in drinking water and fish, and promoting community-based watershed management in partnership with landowners and affected industries. The initiative targets the 40 percent of the nation's waterways still unsafe for fishing and swimming. It provides substantial new resources to assist states in implementing these programs and to create incentives for farmers to adopt practices that protect water quality. . Food Safety Initiative The Clinton Administration launched a new food safety initiative last year to put in place new science-based preventive systems to improve the safety of seafood, meat, and poultry and begin work on a new early warning system to help detect and respond to outbreaks of food borne illness. Our budget will seek an even more substantial increase in funding to further enhance food safety. The resources will go to a variety of initiatives, including: giving FDA authority to prevent the importation of produce from countries without safety precautions equivalent to our own; hiring FDA inspectors to improve the safety of fruits and vegetables, both domestic and imported; developing new ways for federal inspectors to detect foodborne illnesses in meat and poultry and determine the source of contamination; improving educational outreach on proper food handling; and further expanding our early warning system and strengthening state surveillance activities for foodborne illnesses. CIVIL RIGHTS Reforming and Strengthening the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) This initiative expands the EEOC's ADR program over three years to allow as many as 70 percent of all complainants to choose mediation, rather than the lengthy process of investigation and litigation. In the first year, the EEOC will provide ADR in a projected 16,000 cases -- 20 percent of all incoming cases and double the number currently sent to mediation. In addition, through a combination of increased use of mediation, improved information technology, and an expanded investigative staff, the EEOC will reduce the average time it takes to resolve a private sector complaint from over 9 months to 6 months, and reduce the backlog of cases from 64,000 to 28,000 by the year 2000. The proposal provides $279 million for the EEOC for FY99 -- $37 million or 15 percent more than the enacted 1998 budget. THE MILLENIUM PROJECT TECHNOLOGY A Family-Friendly Internet Automated Records Management System Hex-Dump Conversion President Clinton and Vice President Gore support a strategy to protect children and create a safe, educational environment on the Internet that is consistent with our First Amendment values. This strategy includes cracking down on obscenity, child pornography, and online stalking, and encouraging the private sector to develop filtering and blocking technology for parents and teachers that is widely available and effective. This fall, the Administration will join the private sector and non-profit groups to support "Internet Teach-Ins" at schools and libraries, which are designed to increase awareness of safe on-line behavior for children and access to good content Making the Internet a Global Free-Trade Zone The Administration is committed to creating an environment in which global electronic commerce can flourish, so that every computer will be a window open to every business, large and small. Over the next several years, Internet commerce could increase to hundreds of billions of dollars per year, boosting U.S. exports and creating new opportunities for small start-up companies. President Clinton has directed the U.S. Trade Representative to work with foreign governments to secure agreement that all products and services delivered across the Internet and all equipment from which the Internet is built -- be free from tariffs. Cloning President Clinton has proposed legislation banning the cloning of human beings. The President's legislative proposal prohibits for five years the use of somatic cell nuclear technology to create a human being. The legislation directs the National Bioethics Advisory Commission to report to the President in four and half years on whether to continue the ban. The proposal is carefully worded to ensure that it will not interfere with beneficial biomedical and agricultural activities. In March 1997, the President imposed a ban on the use of federal money for cloning human beings. Save America's Treasures Many of our most important cultural treasures -- such as the Star Spangled Banner, the Declaration of Independence, and the Bill of Rights -- are seriously at risk. "Save America's Treasures" is a three year, $150 million initiative that will help stimulate support for the Nation's most important preservation priorities. The funds will be administered by the Department of Interior under the authority of the National Historic Preservation Act. Half of the money will support preservation projects identified at the national level -- the other half will go to support state and local priorities. Automated Records Management System Hex-Dump Conversion
2:06 PM 17 Jan 1999
|from:||Paul J. Weinstein|
Here it is. NEC is adding their sections today. NSC tomorrow. ---------------------- Forwarded by Paul J. weinstein Jr./OPD/EOP on 01/17/99 02:07 PM --------------------------- Laura Emmett 01/16/99 04:51:35 PM Record Type: Record To: Paul J. weinstein Jr./OPD/EOP cc: Jonathan Orszag/OPD/EOP, Charles R. Marr/OPD/EOP, Sarah Rosen/OPD/EOP Subject: Re: SOTU BOOK revised version Unable to convert ARMS_EXT: [ATTACH.D13]MAIL471154717.036 to ASCII, The following is a HEX DUMP: FF57504353080000010A02010000000205000000C109010000020000173E3EE8438401B8514B8D 36A3290D520F79B9F84CD8B572A7DEC6BB37F1E46776CDBFB7BAAE4D8C0177941F80DE809B7E9D 2F5F587B449COC4482EF3A53152EAE5DOOD306ACD04463F91C548F627C1AA526F0367E733BOD6A 211123DAEB7DEB78CBFE8A5E9C7EA38ECECB7515C13B5B46A706D4A377F5D7EF5F50D912FCD035 E31D7DFDBOCD912E12CC1CFFC768CB71BB6597F8C9110E208F3C3AC15E4E7B477F8152415110D6 159B3C4E43C835854DD2DE7A579FD4C240716D293EF68529C8DC75E60B933788A5E1E38638FD38 ODE85BD11BDF86EA08F3314AC8FB2D750B76A8A785B736248DE658F5A2A73DA0959BOB970D6C96 1EB6COE87E513C061E4BE03217ADF399F83EC2695631B69D32C6D1C4FADB7DC6B24DDAB51C87B2 CE9DCDA5BDDAA075DF3564671664F969F2B8A08CCD19DB~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ex-Dump Conversion . A STRONG AMERICA IN A NEW WORLD(NSC) 21ST CENTURY ECONOMY(NEC) CO~TYEMPOWERMENT Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Since its creation in 1986, the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) has given states tax credits of $1.25 per capita to allocate to developers of affordable housing. Even though building costs have increased 40 percent in the last decade, the amount of the credit has not been adjusted for inflation. Therefore, President Clinton and Vice-President Gore propose to increase the cap on the LIHTC from $1.25 per capita to $1.75 per capita -- restoring the value of the credit to its 1986 level. Estimates suggest that the LIHTC currently helps build 80,000-90,000 affordable housing units each year. The President and Vice President's proposal to increase the cap by 40 percent will create an additional 160,000-180,000 new rental housing units for low-income American families over the next five years. This proposal will cost $1.6 billion over five years. Empowerment Zones Last week Vice President Gore named 20 economically distressed communities as Round Two Empowerment Zones (EZs). Tonight, the President is reaffirming his Administration's commitment to securing full funding for round two EZs. If Congress approves full funding for the EZs, federal investment is expected to help create and retain about 90,000 jobs and stimulate $20.3 billion in private and public investment in the next 10 years. Community Development Financial Institutions Fund (CDFI) In 1994, the President proposed and Congress established the CDFI Fund. This fund further expands the availability of credit, investment capital, financial services, and other development services in distressed communities. The President is proposing to expand funding for the CDFI program to $125 million, including $15 million for a new microenterprise initiative. New Markets Initiative (NEC) CHILDREN & FAMILIES Expanding the Child Care Block Grant The President is proposing to expand the Child Care and Development Block Grant to help working families struggling to meet the costs of child care. Today, however, millions of families who are eligible for assistance with their child care costs do not receive any help. In FY 1997, states provided child care assistance to only 1.25 million of the 10 million low-income children eligible for assistance. In addition, the President is proposing to increase the block grant to provide challenge grants to communities (distributed by states) to improve early learning and the quality and safety of child carefor children ages zero to five. Research shows that children's experiences in the earliest years are critical to their development and ability to reach school ready to learn. Finally, the President's plan increases our investment in improving child care by providing States with additional resources for quality enhancement efforts such as performing inspections of child care facilities, providing resource and referral services for . Hex-Dump Conversion parents, assisting providers with training and scholarships, and creating networks for family day care providers. The President's budget will significantly increase investment in the child care block grant: (1) increasing funding for child care subsidies by $7.5 billion over five years, enabling the program to serve an additional 1.15 million children by FY 2004; (2) providing $3 billion over five years to promote early learning; and (3) providing $173 million to improve child care quality. Giving Greater Tax Relief for Child Care to Three Million Working Families The Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit provides tax relief to taxpayers who pay for the care of a child under 13 or a disabled dependent or spouse in order to work. The credit is equal to a percentage of the taxpayer's employment-related expenditures for child or dependent care, with the amount of the credit depending on the taxpayer's income. The President's proposal increases the credit for families earning under $60,000, providing an additional average tax cut of $354 for these families and eliminating income tax liability for almost all families with incomes below 200% of poverty ($35,000 for a family of four) that claim the maximum allowable child care expenses. The President's budget will include $5 billion over five years to expand the Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit for nearly three million working families paying for child care. Providing Tax Relief to Parents Who Stay at Home The President believes that we should support parents in whatever choice they make for the care of their children. He, therefore, is proposing to enable parents who stay at home with children under one to take advantage of the Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit by claiming assumed child care expenses of $500. The President's budget proposal will provide an average tax credit of $178, at a cost of $1.3 billion over five years, which will benefit 1.7 million families. Creating New Child Care Tax Incentives for Businesses The President's plan includes a new tax credit to businesses that provide child care services for their employees, by building or expanding child care facilities, operating existing facilities, training child care workers, or providing child care resources and referral services. The credit covers 25% of qualified costs, but may not exceed $150,000 per year. The President's budget will include approximately $500 million over five years for these tax credits. Expanding After-School Opportunities The President is committed to triple funding for the 21st Century Learning Center Program, which supports the creation and expansion of after-school and summer school programs throughout the country. Experts agree that school-age children who are unsupervised during the hours after school are far more likely to use alcohol, drugs, and tobacco, commit crimes, receive poor grades, and drop out of school than those who are involved in supervised, constructive activities. The program increases the supply of after-school care in a cost-effective manner, primarily by funding programs that use public school facilities and existing resources. In awarding these new funds, the Education Department will give priority to school districts that are ending social promotion by requiring that students meet academic standards in order to move to the next grade. The President's budget will include $600 million in FY 2000 to help roughly 1.1 million children each year participate in after-school and summer school programs. Expanding Head Start and Early Head Start The President is committed to reaching his goal of enrolling one million children in Head Start by 2002, and doubling the number of infants and toddlers in Early Head Start. He is proposing to continue expansion of Head Start, our nation's premier early childhood development program, which provides early, continuous and comprehensive child development and family support services, preparing low-income 2 Hex-Cump ConvG,slon children for a lifetime ofleaming and development. The President's budget will invest an additional $607 million in FY 2000 to reach an additional 42,000 children with Head Start and Early Head Start services, enabling the program to serve 877,000 low-income children. FMLA Expansion The President is proposing again to extend the benefits of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) -- the first piece of legislation that the President signed into law -- to ten million more American workers. Today, workers are eligible for up to 12 weeks ofFMLA-protected leave to care for a newborn or adopted child, to attend to their own serious health needs, or to care for a seriously ill parent, child or spouse -- if they work at a business with 50 or more employees. By covering workers in businesses with 25 or more workers, 10 million more American workers will be covered by the FMLA. The President is also calling for expanding the law to allow FMLA-eligible workers to take up to 24 hours of additional leave each year to meet specified family obligations, including routine doctors appointments and parent-teacher conferences. Leave could be taken to: (1) participate in school activities, such as parent-teacher conferences; (2) accompany one's child to routine dental or medical appointments; and (3) accompany an elderly relative to routine medical appointments or other professional services. Prohibiting Discrimination Against Parents The President proposed new federal legislation to protect parents from discrimination in the workplace. Building on state law in Alaska, Michigan, New Jersey and others, the president is announcing legislation which would protect workers from unfair assumptions about their commitment to their job that can affect hiring, advancement and other employment decisions. While this law would clearly not prohibit employers from making hiring and promotion decisions on the basis of job performance, it would ensure that workers are not unfairly discriminated against simply because they are parents. Hosting a White House Conference on the Work-Family Balance This fall, the President, Vice President and First Lady will host the first-ever White House Conference on Work and Family. As we approach the millennium, parents more than ever are struggling to balance their competing responsibilities at work and at home. This conference will examine the relationship between the workplace and family life and highlight new workplace models -- such as support for part-time work, paid leave, paternity leave - that both accommodate the family and help the bottom line. CRIME & DRUGS 21st Century Policing Initiative In order to keep crime coming down to record low levels and the number of officers walking the beat at an all-time high, the President is committing nearly $1.3 billion for a new 21st Century Policing Initiative. The new 21st Century Policing Initiative builds on the President's successful COPS program by: (1) helping communities to hire and redeploy between 30,000 and 50,000 more law enforcement officers over five years, with an effort to target new police officers to crime "hot spots" and to help retain those officers recently hired; (2) giving law enforcement access to the latest crime-fighting technologies, such as improved police communications, crime mapping software, laptop computers, crime lab improvements, and more; and (3) making an unprecedented commitment to engage entire communities in the hard work of preventing and fighting crime -- by funding new community-based prosecutors, and partnerships with probation and parole officers, school officials, and faith-based organizations. Zero Tolerance Drug Supervision 3 Hex-Liump Conversion Numerous studies con finn that the vast majority of prisoners report drug use and that many prisoners commit their crimes to buy drugs or while high. To help break this iron link between crime and drugs, the President will propose $215 million for Zero Tolerance Drug Supervision that works to keep offenders drug- and crime-free. This initiative will provide new funds to help states and localities implement tough new systems to drug test, treat, and punish prisoners, parolees, and -- for the first time -- probationers. In addition, this initiative provides increased funds for innovative drug courts throughout the country and intensive drug treatment for state prisoners with the most serious drug problems. Making Permanent the Brady Waiting Period for Handgun Sales The Brady Law, which requires background checks of all prospeoive firearms purchasers, has stopped well over a quarter of a million illegal handgun sales since its enactment in 1993 -- proving itself to be one of the most effective law enforcement tools ever. But the Brady Law's "cooling off' or waiting period recently expired, and handguns can now be purchased on the spot in some states. To make sure that local law enforcement officers have enough time to conduct the best background check possible, the President will call for a new national waiting period of up to five days before the purchase of a handgun. Limiting Handgun Sales to No More Than One Per Month The President will also propose making the Brady Law even more effective by limiting retail handgun sales to one per month. Most law-abiding citizens do not need to make multiple gun purchases every month, but criminals and gun runners do. To circumvent Brady background checks and to make. their gun purchases untraceable by law enforcement, gun traffickers hire "straw purchasers" -- or persons not prohibited from purchasing fireanns -- to buy guns in bulk and divert them to the street. Federal legislation limiting handgun sales to one per month would shut down this "back door" to the illegal gun market. EDUCATION Accountability for Results President Clinton is calling for tough new accountability measures for federal elementary and secondary education programs, in order to ensure that every child is helped to reach challenging academic standards. He will send legislation to Congress this year that will require states and school districts that received funds under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act to adopt a series of new accountability measures. Accountability for Results: Issue School Report Cards States will be required to produce annual report cards, easily understood by and widely distributed to parents and the public, for each school, school district and the state as a whole. The report cards will include infonnation on student achievement, teacher professional qualifications, class size, school safety and other factors that will help parents judge the overall perfonnance of the schools. Where appropriate, the report cards will show academic achievement of ethnic and racial subgroups, to ensure accountability for helping all students to achieve. Thirty-six states currently publish or require local school districts to publish school report cards, and five additional states will begin the practice in the next two years. However, a recent report by Public Agenda shows that only 31 % of parents had seen these report cards, and that parents and taxpayers still have difficulty getting the infonnation they need. President Clinton's proposal will help ensure that parents in every state have access to the information they need to detennine the quality of their schools and identifY areas in which improvement is needed. 4 Hex-Dump Conversion Accountability for Results: End Social Promotion States and school districts would be required to end social promotion -- the practice of promoting students from grade to grade regardless of whether they mastered required material and are academically prepared to do the work at the next level. Students who are promoted without regard to their achievement fall even further behind their classmates, and are more likely to lack basic skills upon high school graduation. To ensure that this requirement helps more students succeed, rather than simply increasing the number of students who are held back, states and school districts would be required to show how they will help students meet promotion standards on time by (1) implementing strategies to diagnose students early and identify and provide extra help to those who need it; (2) strengthening learning opportunities in classrooms with clear standards, small classes with well-prepared teachers, high quality professional development, and use of proven instructional practices; (3) providing extended learning time for students who need extra help, including after-school and summer school; and (4) developing a serious action plan to give. students who still do not meet the standards intensive .intervention with appropriate instructional strategies, rather than simply having them repeat an entire grade. In 1996 President Clinton challenged every state and school district to adopt policies to end social promotion and require students to pass high school graduation exams. Twenty six states have high school exit exams, and last year four states adopted policies that linked promotion to state tests. A growing number of urban school districts, including Boston, Philadelphia, New York City and Washington D.C. are adopting similar policies. In Chicago, where they ended the practice of social promotion three years ago, students get extra help after school and those who fail end-of-the-year tests attend summer school. Citywide math and reading scores have gone up three years in a row, with the largest gains coming from some of the most disadvantaged students. President Clinton's FY 2000 budget proposes to triple the funding from $200 million to $600 million for after-school and summer school programs that will give students the extra help they need to succeed. Accountability for Results: Put Qualified Teachers in the Classroom According to the National Commission on Teaching and America's Future, a growing body of research shows that the knowledge and skills teachers bring to the classroom is one of the most important factors in improving student achievement. Yet too often states permit individuals who do not meet minimum standards for certification to begin teaching, and school systems often assign teachers to teach subjects for which they lack adequate preparation. Approximately 50,000 teachers are hired by school districts each year on "emergency" certificates, which means they do not meet state certification requirements. Nearly one quarter of secondary school teachers lack even a minor in their main teaching field, and in schools with the highest minority enrollment, students have a less than 50% change of having a math or science teacher with a license and degree in the field. Students in schools with the highest concentrations of poverty -- those who often need the most help from the best teachers -- are most likely to be in classrooms with teachers who are not fully qualified. President Clinton will require states to adopt competency tests for new teachers, directing them to demonstrate subject matter knowledge and teaching expertise. States and school districts will also be required to phase out, over five years, the use of teachers with emergency certificates and the practice of assigning teachers to subjects for which they lack adequate preparation. President Clinton's proposal will also provide resources to help states strengthen teacher certification standards, implement competency testing for new teachers, provide training to current teachers, and provide incentives to recruit more highly qualified teachers. Accountability for Results: Turn Around Low Performing Schools States will be instructed to identify the schools with the lowest achievement levels and the least improvement, and begin to take corrective action to tum them around. These corrective actions, based on 5 i lux-Dump l-onv0rsion a careful assessment of each school's needs, would include steps such as extensive teacher training, support to improve school discipline, and the implementation of proven approaches to school reform. If these actions do not result in improved student achievement within 2 years, additional corrective actions must be taken, including permitting students to attend other public schools; reconstituting the school, fairly evaluating the staff and making staff changes as necessary; or closing the school and reopening it as a charter school or with a new staff. Nineteen states currently take similar actions to help improve low performing schools, and experience demonstrates that when these interventions carefully implemented and are accompanied by the resources to support change, schools improve and student achievement increases. The President's FY 2000 budget contains $200 million to help states begin taking these steps immediately. A National Effort to Reduce Class Size in the Early Grades In his 1998 State of the Union address, President Clinton proposed to help local school schools hire 100,000 well-prepared teachers in order to reduce class size in grades 1-3 to a national average of 18, and make sure that every child gets a sold foundation in the basics. Studies show that smaller classes help teachers provide more personal attention to students and spend less time on discipline, and help students to learn more and get a stronger foundation in the basic skills. In these studies, minority and disadvantaged students showed the largest achievement gains. Last year, Congress provided a down payment on the President's seven year, $12.4 billion proposal to reduce class size in grades 1-3 to a national average of 18, by appropriating $1.2 billion to help local communities hire nearly 30,000 teachers. Now Congress must finish the job by providing the remaining funds for local schools to hire 100,000 new teachers over seven years. Recruiting Outstanding New Teachers for Our Nation's Public Schools With more than 2 million teachers to be hired in the next ten years to accommodate record student enrollments and an aging teaching force, the nation must not only recruit an adequate number of teachers, . but ensure a quah'ty teaching force through effective teacher recruitment and preparation. The President's budget will contain a series of new initiatives and funding increase to help recruit well prepared individuals to teach where they are needed the most, in high poverty urban and rural communities. ENVIRONMENT Climate Change On the heels of the announcement that 1998 surpassed 1997 as the warmest year on record, the President's FY 2000 budget will propose a package of investments and tax cuts to help address global climate change. It includes start-up funding for a new Clean Air Partnership Fund (discussed [below]) and tax incentives to promote the purchase of energy-efficient cars, homes, and appliances, spurring the swift movement of innovative technologies into the market. Proposed increases in Federal spending would help foster a new generation of clean, energy-efficient technologies and renewable energy, as well as support research to identify and quantify carbon sinks in forests and farmlands. This package complements the other elements of the Administration's climate change plan, which include working cooperatively with industry sectors on initiatives to cut greenhouse gas emissions, strengthening efforts to incorporate energy efficiency goals into Federal procurement and energy use, working with Congress to reward companies taking early, voluntary action to reduce their emissions, and restructuring the electricity industry. In addition, the Administration will continue its vigorous diplomatic efforts to fill in key details of the Kyoto Protocol in areas such as 6 Hex-Dump Conversion international emissions trading, as well as to encourage the meaningful participation of developing countries in efforts to address global warming. Lands Legacy Initiative To meet the conservation challenges of a new century, President Clinton and Vice President Gore are proposing a $1 billion Lands Legacy Initiative -- the largest one-year investment ever in the protection of America's land resources. This FY 2000 budget proposal -- a 125 percent increase over FY 1999 -- expands federal efforts to save America's natural treasures, and provides significant new resources to states and communities to protect local green spaces. To sustain these efforts in the new century, the President commits to work with Congress to create a permanent funding stream beginning in FY2001. In addition, the President calls on Congress to extend permanent wilderness protection to more than 5 million acres within 17 national parks and monuments. This landmark initiative charts a new conservation vision for the 21st century, preserving irreplaceable pieces of our natural legacy within easy reach of every citizen. Livability Agenda Community Planning and Collaboration To help communities across America grow in ways that ensure a high quality of life and strong, sustainable economic growth, President Clinton and Vice President Gore are proposing a comprehensive Livability Agenda providing new tools and resources for state and local governments. The initiative includes: a record $6.1 billion for public transit, plus $2.2 billion for other innovative programs to promote improved transportation planning and ease traffic congestion so commuters can spend less time in traffic and more with their families; $50 million in matching grants to help neighboring communities develop collaborative "smart growth" strategies; and $100 million to encourage citizen participation in the design of schools as centers of their communities, provide communities with new information tools so they can grow according to their values, and improve public safety by sharing crime data among communities. By delivering tools and resources to the local level, where issues of growth are most appropriately addressed, this initiative helps empower citizens to build more "livable communities" for the 21st century. Livability Agenda: Better America Bonds To help communities reconnect with their land and water, preserve green space for future generations, and provide attractive settings for economic development, the Administration is proposing a new financing tool generating $9.5 billion in bond authority for investments by state, local and tribal governments. The President's budget will propose tax credits totaling more than $700 million over five years -- to support Better America Bonds, which can be used to preserve green space, create or restore urban parks, protect water quality, and clean up brownfields (abandoned industrial sites). The program will be coordinated through an interagency process. Clean Air Partnership Fund To help protect public health and ease the threat of global warming, President Clinton is proposing a new Clean Air Partnership Fund supporting state, local and private efforts that achieve early reductions in both greenhouse gas emissions and ground-level air pollutants. The Fund, to be included in the President's FY 2000 budget proposal, will direct new resources to state and local governments to provide financing for public and private sector projects that accelerate pollution reductions. This new financing will support projects that go beyond legal requirements and enable communities to achieve clean air goals sooner. Targeting the financing to projects that reduce both carbon emissions and health-threatening pollutants -- such as smog, soot or air toxics -- will stimulate integrated, cost-effective pollution control strategies. In 7 I1cx-Dump Conv.;;sion addition, the Fund will spur technological innovation, encourage public-private partnerships, and leverage substantial non-federal investment in improved air quality. The Fund will be administered by the Environmental Protection Agency under existing authority. FOOD SAFETY Improving Food Safety with Increased Inspections and Surveillance President Clinton will recommend increasing funds by $105 million -- or 12 percent -- in his FY 2000 budget to ensure food safety by improving inspections for both domestic and imported food and by enhancing surveillance efforts. The President's proposal would significantly expand inspections of domestic food products by enabling the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), to use more than 60 new inspectors to inspect, at least once each year, every domestic manufacturer of high-risk food products (generally, products that are not cooked by consumers) from the current level of every 3 to 4 years. Additional funds for USDA would permit the broad expansion of its science-based, prevention-oriented .meat and poultry inspection system, called Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP). In addition, the President's budget would increase scrutiny of imported food products by permitting the FDA to more than double the number of inspections conducted offoreign food processors. The President's budget also includes a significant component for surveillance and research activities. To help officials track pathogens back to their source and prevent outbreaks of foodbome illnesses from spreading, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) will use new funds to almost double the number of laboratories that do "DNA fingerprinting" of foodbome pathogens. HEALTH CARE Addressing Growing Long-Term Care Needs Over five million Americans, most of whom are elderly, have significant limitations due to illness or disability and thus require long-term care. The aging of Americans will only increase the need for quality long-term care options; by 2030, the number of elderly Americans will have doubled, so that one in five Americans will be elderly. President Clinton has proposed an historic new $6.2 billion initiative to support both the elderly and Americans with disabilities that have long-term care needs and the millions of family members who care for them. This initiative includes a $5.5 billion investment in a $1000 tax credit to compensate for the cost of long-term care services; a new $250 million National Family Caregiver Program; a $10 million national campaign educating Medicare beneficiaries about . long-term care options; and a $15 million investment so that the Federal government to offer long-term care insurance to its employees at group rates. . Improving Economic Opportunities for Americans With Disabilities Since President Clinton and Vice President Gore took office, the American economy has added 17.7 million new jobs. However, the unemployment rate among working-age adults with disabilities is nearly 75 percent. People with disabilities can bring tremendous energy and talent to the American workforce, yet some outdated, institutional barriers and fewer opportunities often limit their ability to work. The President's budget proposes a historic new $2 billion initiative that removes significant barriers to work for people with disabilities that includes the Work Incentives Improvement Act, which invests $1.2 billion in providing options for workers with disabilities to buy into Medicaid and Medicare; a new $700 million investment in a $1,000 tax credit for workers with disabilities; and more than double the government's current investment, an increase of $35 million, in assistive technologies 8 He;<-Dump ConvGision that make it possible for individuals with disabilities to work. Protecting Patients through a Strong, Enforceable Patients Bill of Rights Once again, the President is calling on Congress to pass a strong federally enforceable patients' bill of rights. This Health Care Bill of Rights should contain a range of protections, including guaranteed access to needed specialists, access to emergency room services when and where the need arises, and access to a meaningful independent and external appeals process for consumers to resolve their differences with their health plans, and the right to be compensated when a health plans' decisions cause a patient to be harmed or die. The President is already doing everything he can to implement these protections, by extending them to the 85 million Americans covered by Federal health plans. Encouraging Small Businesses to Purchase Health Insurance Fewer small businesses offer health insurance because of their higher administrative costs and premiums relative to large businesses. As a result, workers in small firms are less likely to have access to affordable, job-based health insurance. Nearly half of uninsured workers are in firms with fewer than 25 employees (relative to 30 percent of all workers). The President is proposing a new $44 million initiative to. encourage small businesses to offer health insurance to their workers by developing and/or joining coalitions for purchasing health insurance. This three-part initiative would provide a tax credit to small businesses who decide to offer coverage by joining coalitions; encourage private foundations to support coalitions by allowing their contributions towards these organizations to be tax exempt; and offering technical assistance to new small business coalitions Providing New Options for Americans Ages 55 to 65 to Obtain Health Insurance Americans ages 55 to 65 are one of the fastest growing groups of uninsured Americans. They are also extremely difficult to insure: they have less access to and a greater risk of losing employer-based health insurance; and they are twice as likely to have health problems as the population generally. The President's $1.4 billion proposal gives this vulnerable population three new ways to gain access to health insurance by: (1) allowing Americans ages 62 to 65 to buy into Medicare, through a mechanism that preserves the Medicare trust fund; (2) assisting vulnerable displaced workers 55 and over by offering those who have involuntarily lost their jobs and health care coverage a similar Medicare buy-in option; and (3) giving Americans 55 and over who have lost their retiree benefits access to their former employers' health insurance. Eradicating Polio by the End of the Year 2000 The President's initiative establishes a simple and effective strategy to eliminate the polio virus worldwide by the year 2000. It includes routine immunizations for children, localized immunization campaigns targeted to eliminate polio from the last remaining pockets of infection, and a system to conclusively determine which countries are polio-free. Increasing Access to Health Care Services for the Uninsured This new initiative invests $1 billion over 5 years in local communities to integrate traditional safety net providers, such as public hospitals and clinics, into networks that provide a comprehensive range of services to uninsured people who are falling through the cracks. Providers will receive funds to develop the financial, information, and telecommunication systems necessary to monitor and manage patient needs, as well as funds to expand the range of services these health care providers deliver. Providing Critical Mental Health Prevention and Treatment Services 9 Hex-Dump ConvGision Approximately 44 million adults and 14 million children suffer from a mental disorder each year. The Clinton/Gore Administration's new FY2000 budget includes a $70 million increase - the largest ever -- in the mental health block grant. This 24 percent increase, totaling $358 million, will enable states to enhance and expand their efforts to people with mental illnesses, including targeting particularly-hard-to-reach adults and children with severe mental illnesses, improving school violence abatement programs, helping states provide new effective medications for people of mental illnesses, and providing services to older Americans who are reluctant to reach mental health services in traditional mental health settings. This spring, the Administration will also hold the first ever White House Conference on Mental Health. Protecting Privacy of Medical Records and Eliminating Genetic Discrimination. In an era of increasing technology, more and more medical records are traveling through hospitals, insurers, and even across state lines, threatening the privacy of some of the most sensitive medical information. The President is challenging the Congress to pass strong bipartisan legislation to protect the privacy of medical records. The President also has pledged that if Congress does not pass this legislation this summer, he will take action to implement protections for electronic medical records within the authority given to him the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. Finally, as scientists unravel the Human Genome Code, more Americans fear that this information will be used to discriminate against them rather than improve health. The President also is asking the Congress to pass legislation that prevents health plans and employers from discriminating on the basis of genetic discrimination. The Potential of New Biomedical Research The issue of biomedical research has captured the imagination of virtually every community, and we are now poised to make revolutionary advances that could dramatically alter and improve the way we treat diseases. The President's new $320 million investment in NIH will allow us to take great strides towards preventing the debilitating and devastating nerve, kidney, and eye complications of diabetes, effectively combating diseases associated with aging, like Alzheimers and Parkinson's, and developing vaccines for tuberculosis, malaria, and AIDS. Providing Basic Health Care for Native Americans The President's budget proposes an increase for the Indian Health Service (IHS) of $170 million or 8 percent over the FY 1999 level. This increase would enable ms to continue expanding accessible and high-quality health care to its 1.4 million Native American service users. The budget enables IHS to further enhance current levels of direct health care services, including providing 34,000 breast cancer screening mammographies to Native American women between ages 50-69; creating 44 new dental unit teams to provide an additional 25,000 dental visits; reducing the incidence of complications related to chronic diseases such as diabetes through clinical monitoring and health promotion on life style changes; and enabling approximately 130 new community-based public health nurses to provide outreach activities, including home visitations, well-child examinations, immunizations, prenatal care, health fairs, follow-up visits, and missed clinical appointments. Within the overall IHS increase, the budget continues to support tribal self-determination by proposing a $35 million (+17%) increase for contract support costs, to cover the costs of existing tribal contracts and compacts. The President will also continue his efforts to elevate the Director of illS to the position of Assistant Secretary. NATIONAL SERVICE 10 The President called on Congress to increase support for AmeriCorps. When he came into office, President Clinton outlined a vision for a national service program which would allow young people to serve our nation while earning funds for college. Since 1994, more than 100,000 Americans have served their country and community through AmeriCorps. Serving in more than 4,000 communities, AmeriCorps members have taught, tutored or mentored more than 2.6 million children, operated after-school programs for more than 500,000 at-risk youth, recruited or organized more than 1.7 million volunteers, and operated more than 40,000 neighborhood safety patrols. In the FY 2000 budget, the President is proposing a $133 million dollar increase over FY 1999 for the Corporation for National Service in order to expand AmeriCorps and support other national service programs. ONE AMERICA Civil Rights Enforcement The Clinton Administration's Fiscal Year 2000 budget contains $663 million for civil rights enforcement agencies and offices -- an increase of $84 million, or 15 percent, over last year's funding. This budget . maintains the President's commitment to ensure equal opportunity for all Americans: that no one should be denied such essentials as a job, a home, or a chance at an education because of the color of their skin, a disability, their gender, or their religion. Highlights of the President's package include: (1) a $13 million increase for the Civil Rights Division at the Department of Justice -- the largest increase in nine years -- to permit the Division to expand investigations and prosecutions of criminal civil rights cases (including hate crimes), fair housing and lending cases, and violations of the Americans with Disabilities Act; (2) a $14 million Equal Pay Initiative at the EEOC and the Department of Labor; (3) a $33 million overall increase for the EEOC -- from $279 to $312 million; (4) an $11 million overall increase for the Office of Federal Contract Compliance (OFCCP) at the Department of Labor to expand the compliance assistance strategy to encourage Federal contractor compliance through increased outreach, education, and technical assistance; and (5) $5 million to the Department of Justice for the creation of a Civil Rights Enforcement Partnership that will provide competitive grants to help build the capacity of States to address specific enforcement issues within their jurisdictions by hiring additional staff. Ensuring Equal Pay According to the Department of Labor, the average woman who works full-time earns just 74 cents for each dollar that an average man earns. For women of color, the gap is even wider. This gap is, in part, attributable to differing levels of experience, education, and skill. However, even after accounting for these factors, a significant pay gap still remains between men and women in similar jobs. Recognizing this wage disparity, the President is proposing a $14 million equal pay initiative for the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and the Department of Labor. This funding would allow the EEOC to advance outreach to businesses and employees to educate them about the legal requirements for paying equal wages, provide technical assistance, improve training for EEOC employees to better identify wage discrimination issues, and launch a public service announcement campaign to highlight the wage gap. The Department of Labor will continue monitoring pay equity to reduce occupational segregation; provide enhanced technical assistance through the Internet such as providing descriptions of industry best practices; increase outreach and education; and provide a focused effort on women in non-traditional jobs by identifying best practices and assisting contractors in recruiting and developing qualified individuals in non-traditional occupations. The President also will continue to call on Congress to pass the 11 l_ ~ ., '''''''1'(10.n,!,'na"-"lYi"lnl'lUJ st::>m . . . . . . . ,e..... t. .... I .... C"' OJ f lex-Dump Conversion Paycheck Fairness Act which improves the enforcement of wage discrimination laws and provides for research, education, training of EEOC staff, and outreach on this important subject. POLITICAL REFORM Enact Bipartlsan Campaign Finance Reform The President remains committed to the enactment of bipartisan campaign finance reform. Tonight he is challenging the Congress to pass bipartisan reform early this year. Acceptable campaign finance reform legislation must meet five criteria: 1) it must be bipartisan; 2) it must be comprehensive; 3) it must reduce the amount of money that is raised arid spent on federal elections; 4) it must help level the playing field between challengers and incumbents; and 5) it cannot favor one party over the other. REINVENTING GOVERNMENT Streamlining Government As part of its reinvention effort to create a government that works better and costs less, the administration will propose legislation creating new buyout authorities for agencies. We will seek renewal of the authority to offer voluntary separation incentives to support downsizing efforts in those areas where costlbenefit analysis indicates that it would be most beneficial. In addition we will support agencies if they need, as in the case of the Department of Defense and Energy, separate authority to restructure their workforce with voluntary separation incentives. We have already cut the size of the Federal civilian work force by more than 345,000 people, creating the smallest work force in 35 years and, as a share of total civilian employment, the smallest since 1931. As of Sept. 30, 1998, 1.856M people were receiving a government paycheck. On Sept. 30, 1997, there were 1.872M representing an annual headcount reduction in 1998 of 16,000 people. It is the smallest number since Sept. 30,1961 when it was 1.825M. Results for Children The federal government will enter into ten partnerships with state and local governments that will increase their flexibility in using federal program dollars using key indicators that reliably chart measurable improvements in the lives of children. This initiative has four key components: I)The Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics will help partners use key indicators (such as infant and child mortality, immunization and child crime rates) as benchmarks of child well-being in measuring and demonstrating progress; 2)Consolidation of planning and reporting for programs with related goals, and greater flexibility in administering grant funds, saving time and precious resources; 3) Development of new ways to pool the savings from Federal discretionary grant programs, creating a local A Child Well-Being Investment Fund to increase services to children and their families. 4) Lessons learned by the partners will be shared in a how to manual helping to free other communities in cutting red tape and improving children's services. Customer Satisfaction Survey The 32 agencies that serve over 90% of the government's customers will participate in a government-wide customer satisfaction survey that will compare the quality of their services to the private sector's. Vice President Gore's National Partnership for Reinventing Government (NPR) and the President's Management Council will bring together a group of agency experts to determine the best approach to meet, this objective. The Vice President has asked that the first customer satisfaction survey be completed this year. 12 tf - . d. ,"-",!. "I"n~~"- ')' <'ystem ~ "".'..i".;;,'; ...... (' ...:..I .... II~V f iOA-Dump Conv..:,sion Civil Service Improvement As part of a larger effort to improve the performance management systems of the Federal workforce and to encourage a culture of high performance. and labor/management collaboration, the administration is committed to working with agencies and worker representatives to develop legislative proposals that more strongly link pay and performance for federal employees and help agencies recruit the best and the brightest. The proposals will reflect these principles: 1) Permitting flexible pay systems so pay can be more performance-oriented; 2) Allowing agencies to evaluate their managers, including SES, on a balanced set of results, including the GPRA goals, customer satisfaction rates and the outcome of employee satisfaction surveys; 3) Providing agencies with flexible policies for hiring and retaining a high quality workforce. The legislative proposals would seek to establish a set of standards, based on these principles, that each agency would use to create a particular system for their situation. Labor and management, as part of our rejuvenated partnership, would then need to mutually agree upon a plan before its implementation. SOCIAL SECURlTY(NEC) TOBACCO Protecting Our Children From Tobacco Every day, 3000 children become regular smokers and 1000 have their lives shortened because of it. Almost 90 percent of adult smokers began smoking by age 18 and today, 4.5 million children -- 37 percent of all high school students -- smoke cigarettes. The state tobacco settlement is an important step in the right direction, but the President believes additional measures must be taken at the national level to reduce youth smoking and hold the tobacco industry accountable: I) Raise the price of cigarettes, so fewer young people start to smoke; 2) Reaffirm the Food and Drug Administration's full authority to keep cigarettes out of the hands of children; 3) Fund critical public health efforts to prevent youth smoking and enact measures to hold the tobacco industry accountable for reducing youth smoking; and 4) Protect farmers and farming communities. This plan will help reimburse federal taxpayers for tobacco-related health costs. To reimburse the Medicare trust fund for the billions of tobacco-related costs it incurs each year, the President is announcing that the Department of Justice intends to bring suit against the tobacco industry. CONTINUING THE SUCCESS OF WELFARE REFORM [Note to BR/EK: we deliberately left some language general to preserve certain announcements for Jan 25th, e.g., exact caseload numbers, amount of WtW $$, exact immigrant proposal] Welfare Rolls Decline as More Recipients go to Work The President announced that the percentage of the U.S. population on welfare is at its lowest level in 30 years and the welfare rolls have fallen by nearly half since the President took office. The percent of welfare recipients working has tripled since 1992 and all states met the first work participation rates required under the welfare reform law. Two years ago the President challenged the business community to create jobs so that people can move from welfare to work. Today, 10,000 companies of all sizes, industries, and from all regions have joined the Welfare to Work Partnership and are successfully hiring and retaining former welfare recipients. 13 Additional Welfar~to-Work Assistance for Those Who Need it Most The President announced that he will propose additional funding for his Welfare-to-Work program to ensure those remaining on the welfare rolls who face the greatest challenges can succeed in the workforce and to increase the employment of low-income fathers so they can better support their children. This funding will help 200,000 people move from welfare to work and will help increase child support collections, which have gone up 80 percent since 1992. Fairness for Legal Immigrants The President believes that legal immigrants should have the same opportunity, and bear the same responsibility, as other members of society. The President proposes to build on the progress of the Balanced Budget Act (1997) and the Agricultural Research Act (1998) by further restoring important disability, health and nutrition benefits for legal immigrants. [Note: legal immigrant benefits was not in 1114 version of speech. If you think it will stay out, you should remove this section.] Welfare to Work Housing Vouchers The President's budget will include funding for 25,000 new welfare-to-work vouchers housing vouchers in addition to maintaining funding for the 50,000 vouchers agreed to in last year's budget. Families could use these housing vouchers to move closer to a new job, to reduce a long commute, or to secure more stable housing to eliminate emergencies that keep them from getting to work every day on time. These vouchers, awarded to communities on a competitive basis, will give people on welfare a new tool to make the transition to a job and succeed in the work place. 14 ..